The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionate and distressing effect on women and girls who have been affected across several social, economic, health and nutrition outcomes. Additionally, COVID-19 has exposed pre-existing and underlying gender inequities, which were further worsened by COVID-19 containment measures. 

In this study, authors conducted a theoretical gender analysis, a targeted review of literature, and a visual mapping of evidence-informed impact pathways, to showcase how these inequitable norms and structures intensified the indirect effects of the COVID-19 crisis on women and girls. 

Authors conducted a gender focused analysis on five critical and interwoven crises that surfaced because of the COVID-19 pandemic and advanced malnutrition and food insecurity. 

These include:

  • Restricted mobility and isolation
  • Reduced income
  • Food insecurity
  • Reduced access to essential health and nutrition services
  • School closures.

It is critical that we understand how these norms, roles, and relations aggravated poor health and nutrition outcomes for women and girls so that policy makers and program implementers can use this evidence-based approach to address underlying gender inequities during crisis management.

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