Further Definitions of Terms: Gender Identity

Transgender: A term used by some people whose gender identity differs from what is typically associated with the sex they were assigned at birth. Transwomen identify as women but were classified as males when they were born, transmen identify as men but were classified female when they were born, while other trans people do not identify with the gender binary at all. Some transgender people seek surgery or take hormones to bring their body into alignment with their gender identity; others do not. Being transgender does not imply any specific sexual orientation. Therefore, transgender people may identify as heterosexual, gay, lesbian, bisexual, etc.

Cisgender: A person whose gender identity and the sex they were assigned at birth align.

Nonbinary: A person who identifies outside the binary of man/male or woman/female.[4]

Gender transition: The process of changing one’s external gender presentation to be aligned with one’s gender identity. Transition typically occurs over a long period of time and may include telling one’s family, friends and co- workers, using a different name, pronoun and/or title, dressing differently, changing one’s name and/or sex on legal documents, and undergoing hormone therapy, surgery, and/or other treatment. In some countries, surgery is a requirement for legal gender recognition, which is a violation of UN human rights norms.